OTHER HYPERPIGMENTATION ARTICLES:
What is Melasma?
What hyperpigmentation treatment is available?
What are the causes of hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation after laser hair removal
Hyperpigmentation post Eczema
Hyperpigmentation on the Face
Hyperpigmentation and Pregnancy
Hyperpigmentation is the excess production of the skin pigment melanin, appearing as localised patches which are darker than the surrounding skin. The patches are typically non-raised, as the hyperpigmentation occurs beneath the top layer of skin. This is also commonly referred to as Melasma.
Melasma a benign and common occurrence in most skin types, age groups and can occur in most areas of the body, but typically the face, hands and limbs.
It is normally the result of 2 factors:
(1) a higher than average concentration of pigment producing melanocytes
(2) a higher than average amount of melanin production by the melanocytes